His Greek name was Anubis; in Egyptian he was known as Yinepu or Anpu. In early Egypt, he was the god of the dead. Later, as the jackal-headed god of mummification, he officiated at the rites that ancient Egyptians believed made it possible for souls to enter the underworld. According to legend, this role came about when he discovered a way to embalm the dismembered Osiris, so he could live once more.
The symbols of Anubis included a flail, embalming equipment and an ox-hide suspended from a pole. His cult centre was Heliopolis.