William Hogarth (1697-1764) was the first British painter to bring art to the common people. King George II gave him a post as sergeant painter.
Hogarth was a great portraitist. This subject, John Pine was his friend, "a stout and jovial man who held the position of engraver to the king's signet and stamp office."
He is described by artable as "the father of satirical caricatures and moral paintings, a genre which would later develop into cartoons."