HMS Terror was a Royal Navy bomb ship used against the Americans in the War of 1812. This vessel was made to withstand the impact of heavy mortars, making it ideal for Arctic service. Captain George Back sailed it into Hudson Bay on a map-making mission in 1836.
Artist George Chambers was a maritime painter who had much naval experience. He based his painting on the descriptions from the ship's log, published as a book by Captain Back in 1838.